Volume 2, Issue 2, May 2017, Page: 65-74
Menace of Haemo-Parasitic Infections in Pregnant Women Attending Unguwa Uku Clinic and Maternity Hospital, Kano-Nigeria
Henry Gabriel Bishop, Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Life Sciences, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria
Adulfatah Garba Aliyu, Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Life Sciences, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria
Received: Oct. 31, 2016;       Accepted: Dec. 2, 2016;       Published: Jan. 20, 2017
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijmb.20170202.13      View  2486      Downloads  93
Abstract
Nigeria is yet to eradicate malaria among myriads of parasitic infections. Haemo-parasitic infections during pregnancy pose threats to maternal and foetal health. This study assessed the occurrences and effects of haemo-parasites in pregnant women attending Unguwa Uku Clinic and Maternity Hospital, in Kano, Nigeria. The women were briefed about the study, out of which 110 consented. Socio-demographic data and risk factors associated with haemo-parasitic infections were gathered through questionnaires. From each participant, 2ml of venous blood was collected. Thin and thick blood smears were made, stained with Field Stain A and B and examined for haemo-parasites microscopically. Packed cell volume (PCV) was determined in duplicates. Statistical analyses were done at P=0.05. Overall haemo-parasitaemia was (80.9%). Plasmodium falciparum was the only occurring Plasmodium species, with a prevalence of 47.3%. Prevalence of Trypanosoma brucei was 45.5% and microfilariae was 10.0%. Co-infections of P. falciparum and T. brucei was 16.4%, while that of P. falciparum and microfilariae was 5.5%. Women in age-group 22-27years had the highest P. falciparum infections (50.0%), while those of 40-45years were the least infected (33.3%). Women in third trimester of pregnancy had more P. falciparum infections (52.7%), followed by those in second trimester (48.5%); the least was in the first trimester of pregnancy (37.5%). P. falciparum infection and its co-infection with T. brucei lowered the women’s PCV (P<0.05). Haemo-parasitic infections showed no significant association with age-group, gestational age, educational status, marital status, stagnant water and type of residence. Type of anti-mosquito nets used associated with P. falciparum infection (P=0.043). There is need for monitored programs to protect pregnant women from haemo-parasitic infections.
Keywords
Anaemia, Parasitaemia, Pregnancy, Plasmodium, Trypanosoma, Microfilariae, Kano
To cite this article
Henry Gabriel Bishop, Adulfatah Garba Aliyu, Menace of Haemo-Parasitic Infections in Pregnant Women Attending Unguwa Uku Clinic and Maternity Hospital, Kano-Nigeria, International Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology. Vol. 2, No. 2, 2017, pp. 65-74. doi: 10.11648/j.ijmb.20170202.13
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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