Volume 2, Issue 4, November 2017, Page: 161-165
Climate and Plasmodium falciparum Infection on the Jos Plateau, Nigeria
Okokon Ita Ita, Department of Medical Microbiology and Parasitology, University of Calabar, Calabar, Nigeria
Ubong Aniefiok Udoh, Department of Medical Microbiology and Parasitology, University of Calabar, Calabar, Nigeria
Kenneth Ogar Inaku, Department of Chemical Pathology, University of Calabar, Calabar, Nigeria
Anthony Achizie Iwuafor, Department of Medical Microbiology and Parasitology, University of Calabar, Calabar, Nigeria
Received: Apr. 10, 2017;       Accepted: May 18, 2017;       Published: Jun. 30, 2017
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijmb.20170204.12      View  1608      Downloads  109
Abstract
The occurrence and prevalence of malaria depend on several factors, both climatic and non-climatic. Given that the Jos plateau is more temperate than other parts of Nigeria, this work set out to look at the prevalence of malaria infection on the Jos plateau. Capillary blood samples were collected from 200 febrile patients of both sexes attending the Jos University Teaching Hospital (JUTH), Nigeria from October 2012 to March 2013. Thick and thin films were prepared, stained with 10% giemsa and examined following the procedure recommended by the WHO. A mini review of how climatic factors affect malaria prevalence was also carried out. Two hundred subjects took part in the study. Their ages ranged from one day to 78 years with a mean of 39 years. There were 92 (46%) males and 108 (54%) females with a male to female ratio of approximately 1:1. A total of 30 (15%) of the 200 samples were positive for Plasmodium falciparum by microscopy. The climate of the Jos plateau, Nigeria, does not support a high prevalence of P. falciparum malaria. Therefore, healthcare providers on the Jos plateau should investigate patients for other causes of fever at the same time they are asking for malaria parasite.
Keywords
Climate, Malaria, Jos Plateau
To cite this article
Okokon Ita Ita, Ubong Aniefiok Udoh, Kenneth Ogar Inaku, Anthony Achizie Iwuafor, Climate and Plasmodium falciparum Infection on the Jos Plateau, Nigeria, International Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology. Vol. 2, No. 4, 2017, pp. 161-165. doi: 10.11648/j.ijmb.20170204.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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