Volume 4, Issue 2, June 2019, Page: 38-44
Production of Oyster Mushroom (Pleurotus ostreatus) on Substrate Composed from Wheat Straw, Waste Paper and Cotton Seed Waste
Abera Getachew, Department of Horticulture, Wollega University, Nekemt, Ethiopia
Asefa Keneni, Department of Biology, Ambo University, Ambo, Ethiopia
Mosisa Chawaka, Department of Horticulture, Ambo University, Ambo, Ethiopia
Received: Apr. 17, 2019;       Accepted: May 31, 2019;       Published: Jun. 26, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijmb.20190402.12      View  109      Downloads  37
Abstract
Due to the recent insights of the mushroom nutritional and medicinal advantages, interests in mushroom production and consumption have been increasing. The main aim of this paper is to report the effect of substrates’ composed from different mix ratio of wheat straws, waste paper and cotton seed waste on growth, yield and yield related parameters of oyster (Pleurotus ostreatus) mushroom. The experiment was conducted from December 20017 to March 2018. There were five treatments (T1-T5) with two replications in randomized complete design. The quantitative data were collected and analyzed. The results of this experiments indicated that, the fastest mycelia run was recorded from T4 (19.5 days) for complete colonization and the slowest from T1 (28 days) for complete colonization. Fewer days from colonization to primordial formation was taken for treatment T3 and T4 (2.5 days), while more days taken for T5 (4 days. Larger cap diameter (11.19 cm) was recorded for the mushroom grown on T1. While smaller cap diameter 96.23) was recorded for the mushroom grown on T4, shortest stipe length was recorded from the mushroom on T5 while longest stipe length was recorded for T2, (4.11); highest number of fruits recorded for T3 (41.44) while lowest number of fruits recorded for T5 (22.07). Highest number of aborts recorded for T2 (18.78, while the lowest was recorded for T5 (10.37); Highest number of bunches recorded for T4, (4) while the lowest number of bunches recorded for T5 (1.38). Maximum number of fruits 41.44 (T3), highest biological efficiencies 191.745 (T5), were produced from the different substrate composed from wheat straw, waste paper supplemented with cotton seed waste. Treatments T3 and T4 of this experiment gave maximum total biomass and Biological efficiency so that it could be recommended for pilot or large scale production of oyster mushroom.
Keywords
Biological Efficiency, Cotton Seed Waste, Waste Paper, Wheat Straw, Yield
To cite this article
Abera Getachew, Asefa Keneni, Mosisa Chawaka, Production of Oyster Mushroom (Pleurotus ostreatus) on Substrate Composed from Wheat Straw, Waste Paper and Cotton Seed Waste, International Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology. Vol. 4, No. 2, 2019, pp. 38-44. doi: 10.11648/j.ijmb.20190402.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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