Volume 4, Issue 3, September 2019, Page: 87-93
Isolation of Pseudomonas with the Ability to Solublize Phosphate from Inorganic and Organic Phosphate Sources
Lamenew Fenta, Department of Biology, Assosa University, Assosa, Ethiopia
Fassil Assefa, Department of Microbial, Cellular and Molecular Biology, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Received: Jul. 2, 2019;       Accepted: Jul. 26, 2019;       Published: Sep. 5, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijmb.20190403.14      View  86      Downloads  45
Abstract
A total of eleven phosphate solubilizing bacteria were isolated from rhizosphere soil of tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) plants. Isolates designated as PSB1, PSB2, PSB4, PSB5 and PSB7 were selected out of eleven isolates based on their clear zone diameters. They were characterized to generic level and found to belong to Pseudomonas spp. Tricalcium phosphate (TCP), rock phosphate (RP) and bone phosphate (BP) solubilizing efficiency of these isolates was studied in the laboratory at 5, 10, and 15 days of incubation. All bacterial isolates solubilized significantly (P< 0.05) higher amounts of TCP over uninoculated control. The highest P was release upon 5 days of incubation was recorded from the isolate PSB1 with 7.64 mg/50ml in the medium and the least P release was recorded by isolates PSB4 and PSB5 with a P content of 4.79 mg /50ml. At 10th day of incubation, the highest P release was recorded by isolates PSB2 (8.19 mg/50ml), PSB1 (8.10mg/ 50ml). At 15th days of incubation, the highest P release was recorded by isolate PSB7 (11.77 mg/ 50ml) and PSB2 (11.33 mg/ 50ml) and the least P released was recorded by isolate PSB5 (5.44 mg/ 50ml)). Under RP solubilization, the p released from all isolates upon 5 days of incubation was not significant as compared to the control. At 10th day of incubation, the highest P release was recorded by isolates PSB5 (5.56 mg/50ml), PSB7 (5.02 mg/ 50ml) and the least P release was observed by isolate PSB4 (3.46mg/g). At 15th days of incubation, the highest P release was recorded by isolate PSB7 (7.928 mg/ 50ml) and the least P release was recorded by isolate PSB4 (4.025mg/ 50ml). Regarding BP, the p released from all isolates except isolate PSB7 (3.020mg /50ml) upon 5 days of incubation was not significant as compared to the control. At 10th day of incubation, the highest P release was recorded by isolates PSB5 (7.37 mg/50ml), PSB7 (7.025 mg/ 50ml) and the least P released was observed by isolate PSB2 (5.47 mg/50ml). At 20th days of incubation, the highest P release was recorded by isolate PSB7 (11.09 mg/ 50ml) and the least P release was recorded by isolate PSB4 (9.06 mg/ 50ml). So, as conclusion all Psedomonas isolates were able to release P from both inorganic and organic phosphate sources.
Keywords
Biofertilizers, Clear Zone, Phosphorus, Solubilization Efficiency
To cite this article
Lamenew Fenta, Fassil Assefa, Isolation of Pseudomonas with the Ability to Solublize Phosphate from Inorganic and Organic Phosphate Sources, International Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology. Vol. 4, No. 3, 2019, pp. 87-93. doi: 10.11648/j.ijmb.20190403.14
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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